Under an ancient arrangement in the West Highlands and Islands, the land of Ardnamurchan was divided by the clan chief between his people. They lived in small settlements, clachans, and worked the surrounding arable land communally, each family also having access to extensive rough hill land called the ‘common grazings’. In 1806, Ardnamurchan was divided between 31 clachan holdings.
This system was disrupted from 1828 onwards by the clearances. While some clachans, such as Camas nan Geall and Bourblaige, were emptied of their people and the land taken over by the landlord, mainly for use for extensive sheep farming or deer stalking, others were reorganised into crofting townships. In these, tenants were allowed to build a house in a small area of arable land and given continued access to the old clachan’s common grazings. Although this system was designed to force tenants to find a cash income to pay their rents, either by working away for periods of each year or by finding paid service locally, it left them exposed to eviction at the whim of the Estate. The key to the survival of the crofting system was the 1886 Crofters’ Holdings (Scotland) Act, which gave security of land tenure to crofters and produced the first Crofters Commission, a land court which ruled on disputes between landlords and crofters. As a result, the crofting system survived, so many of Ardnamurchan’s crofts are still worked today.
This section tells the story of some of Ardnamurchan’s townships, both those that were cleared and those which were divided into crofts.